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中国早白垩世反鸟类一新科 (Bohaiornithidae fam. nov.)

2014年第52卷 第1期: 31-76

发表日期:2014-01-21来源:放大 缩小

编辑: 周忠和邹晶梅,Nikita V. ZELENKOV 

  摘要:依据3件近乎完整的骨骼化石,记述了辽宁建昌早白垩世湖相地层九佛堂组反鸟类的两个新属种:马氏副渤海鸟(Parabohaiornis martini gen. et sp. nov.)和库氏长爪鸟(Longusunguis kurochkini gen. et sp. nov.)。这两个新属种与此前报道的渤海鸟(Bohaiornis)、神七鸟(Shenqiornis)、齿槽鸟(Sulcavis)和周鸟(Zhouornis)具有一些独特的形态特征,包括吻端粗壮、牙齿粗大并近似锥形、叉骨上升支的末端明显膨大、胸骨的后外侧突向外侧强烈偏转、跗蹠骨粗短、第三脚趾具有很长的爪子。对包含有大量中生代鸟类和形态特征的矩阵进行了系统发育分析,其结果显示这两个新属种与上述的这些反鸟构成了一个单系类群,基于此建立了一个新科——渤海鸟科。渤海鸟科包括6个属,代表了目前已知的反鸟类中多样性最丰富的一个类群,进一步增加了大家对于反鸟类高阶分类单元之间亲缘关系的认识。渤海鸟科强壮的吻端和脚爪表明其占据了不同于其他早白垩世反鸟的生态位。 

  关键词:早白垩世,热河生物群,反鸟类,Bohaiornis, Shenqiornis, Sulcavis, Zhouornis 

  卷期:52 01 

 

A new diverse enantiornithine family (Bohaiornithidae fam. nov.) from the Lower Cretaceous of China with information from two new species

WANG Min, ZHOU Zhong-He, Jingmai K. O’CONNOR, Nikita V. ZELENKOV

Abstract Two new enantiornithine birds, Parabohaiornis martini gen. et sp. nov., and Longusunguis kurochkini gen. et sp. nov., are reported here based on three nearly complete skeletons from the Lower Cretaceous lacustrine deposits of the Jiufotang Formation in Liaoning, northeastern China. The two new species share several unique features with Bohaiornis, Shenqiornis, Sulcavis and Zhouornis, including a robust rostrum with robust, subconical teeth, furcula with blunt omal expansions, sternal trabeculae caudolaterally directed, short and stout tarsometatarsus with hypertrophied ungual on digit Ⅲ. A close relationship among the two new species and four previously described taxa is confirmed by a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis, leading us to erect Bohaiornithidae fam. nov. With six known taxa, Bohaiornithidae is the most diverse recognized enantiornithine family. The robust morphology of the rostrum and foot suggests bohaiornithids occupied a specialized ecological niche compared to other Early Cretaceous enantiornithines.
Key words Early Cretaceous, Jehol Biota, Enantiornithes, Bohaiornis, Shenqiornis, Sulcavis, Zhouornis

  

 

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