题目: Neandertal Neighbors: Late Pleistocene Perspectives on Neandertal Paleobiology
Abstract: Studies of the Neandertals have emphasized possible differences in levels and patterns of behavior between them and modern humans. However, most of the comparisons have been between the Neandertals and late Holocene humans. Re-assessments of Neandertal remains in comparison to their neighbors in time and space (Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic modern humans), and taking into account features that are ancestral and may not indicate their behavioral patterns, indicate that most of the Neandertal patterns are shared by Late Pleistocene humans. The contrasts are mostly with Holocene sedentary people, not with the Neandertals neighbors.